Trickle-down Economics: End of an Era in the US

Last few months have been very tragic for the world and especially for the United States. Global trade war esp. focused on China, Iran sanctions and multitude of disrespectful tweets have become the norm now out of Washington. I have studied in China and the US, so have a very close experience with people from both these countries. Some of the best people I have met in life are Chinese and Americans. Graceful, advanced, measured and wholesome.

Anyways, I always tried to write a bit about Trickle-down economics. If you want to know a bit about American political and economic ideology which divides Republicans and Democrats, then the best place to start would be the 1980s era which implemented the so-called Trickledown  economics. The policy reduced taxes on the rich apart from disrupting social welfare programs hoping that it would stimulate entrepreneurship within the society leading to more jobs for the less privileged people in the society.

This is the greatest fallacy thrown to the world. The concentration of the wealth among the rich increased after the 1980s especially among the top 1% of the population. Moreover, Gini Coefficient, an inequality measure increased over the years. The higher the gini coefficient, the more the economic inequality among the population. Continue reading

The Innovative Finance Revolution: Private Capital for the Public Good (Foreign Affairs Special Edition)

Foreign-Affairs-Inn-Fin-cover-440x367.jpgThe Innovative Finance Revolution is one of the best reports on innovation in social finance. Social finance was evolved over the years and with philanthropy and corporate social responsibility evolving through evidence-based social impact, attracting private capital has been imperative for sustainable work in the social sector. I read this report while I was in Seattle and found it to be one of the most comprehensive reports on different projects and modes of financing used by various foundations, multilateral organizations and nonprofits in implementing sustainable social projects in emerging and poor economies or sustainable infrastructure projects in Americas. From social impact bonds, green bonds to vaccine immunization bonds, report chronicles articles by leading experts and practitioners in developmental finance. UN estimates $50 to $70 tr of capital to implement Sustainable Development Goals over the next 25 years, a huge task which can only be achieved by attracting private capital. Rockefeller Foundation is the world’s leading foundation and a bellwether in innovating impact capital in philanthropy. To achieve UN Sustainable Development Goals, a gap of approx. $2.5 tr annual funding gap is required from the $200 tr pool of private capital. Continue reading

Book reviews coming soon…

downloadI am presently reading, The End of Poverty by Jeffrey Sachs which includes a foreword by Bono, one of the greatest musicians of our time. From I still haven’t found what I am looking for to Staring at the Sun, Bono of U2 group is a quintessential pop and rock musician, known among other things to be a great philanthropist and humanitarian.The End of Poverty gives an in-depth analysis of the various factors that led countries on different paths to prosperity and poverty. Jeffrey Sachs, an imminent development economist, shares both practical and pragmatic overview of international development and policies pursued in eradicating poverty. A detailed review would also come up. The other book which deals with eradicating poverty and on my reading list is Banker To The Poor, by Muhammad Yunus of Grameen Bank. Dr. Yunus, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, revolutionized micro-finance in Bangladesh and is known as father of modern micro-finance.  Continue reading

Aadhaar Inclusion and Causality Inference

According to a report published today in Economic Times, 92% of the population in India (based on 2018 consensus) with nearly all adults barring 3.5 million have an Aadhaar card. This is a phenomenal achievement in bringing underprivileged people for social and financial inclusion. Aadhaar card’s unique identification number will soon work as a social security number for the population. Making aadhaar card essential for all monetary dealings ultimately aids in widening tax bracket. Over a period of time, casual inference using multivariate analysis will help in measuring the social impact of aadhaar inclusion.

Coming to multivariate analysis which is correlation analysis using multiple variables to measure causality. Although Random Control Trial (RCT) is the gold standard to measure causality between two randomly selected samples sizes i.e. control group and treatment group,  in this case, it will not be possible to make two groups randomly selected i.e. two groups with very similar demographic profile randomly selected, one sample without aadhaar card and one sample with aadhaar card. However, a time series data of the population over a decade before and after aadhaar implementation might lead to useful insights. This form of statistical analysis is not a form of RCT analysis.  Continue reading

Educate Girls

Educate Girls, a nonprofit organization based in India, is empowering women in rural India through increased access to quality education to cut gender inequality. Educate Girls is also the first nonprofit or any organization in India to use Social Impact Bonds to proliferate pay for success as a model for delivering a measurable and sustainable social impact. Continue reading

Rise of Impact Investing in India

Impact investing in India is the largest in South Asia and second in the world according to a report published in May 2016, titled A decade of impact investing in India. Impact investing or impact capital’s mission is to create a positive social impact related to social or environmental cause along with a financial return. Impact capital has a dual goal, blended, between social (first priority)  and financial return. Continue reading

One for China & India: Mr. Modi& President Xi

Buddha  “Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth.”

It is very heartening that Mr. Modi is taking a very moderate and middle path between the US and China as a foreign policy. The relations between China and India go back to more than 2000 years considering the cultural ties between the two countries. Continue reading