This lesson discusses money and inflation along with an overview of the long-run and short-run economics. The video talks about quantity theory of money and shares examples to understand how increase in money supply impacts inflation rate within an economy for both advanced and developing country.
Inflation is of two types: the supply side and the demand side. Printing excess money did not yield much inflation and we will have to wait and see the next quarter for the demand side effect to structure out. In this module, the inference that money supply growth impacts inflation in the long term is ambiguous and not mentioned in any of the textbooks. The texts books agree that the growth of inflation is a monetary phenomenon; however, looking at the past decade, this looks a bit ambiguous. The module was developed sometime back, and since then the US economy is registering high inflation. The recent surge in inflation in the US is a combination of both the demand and supply side — the interest rates were low for a long time, supply-side issues from the fallout of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, extended lockdown in China especially Shanghai due to COVID19, printing too much money for the stimulus, etc.