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Space Exploration & Innovation: Mission Moon to Smartphones

Space exploration and technology series begins with this article. Derived for an earlier published note here, this one is improvised with more data and edited to suit the palate of my audience. We begin with Apollo 11. The report shares an overview of a few critical inventions & innovation in technology over the last 150 years predominantly in the US with space exploration, specifically lunar explorations as the focal theme encompassing the article.

Neil Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface at 02:56 UT on July 21 (10:56 p.m. EDT on 20 July) with the words, “That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.” NASA


Dawn of Space Age: Rise of Technology and Communication over the last 150 years

# Apollo 11: Dawn of Space Age: One step for man, one giant leap of mankind

The iconic Neil Armstrong step on the moon set up the foundation for the space age among millions of people globally. The Soviets erstwhile USSR were the first one in space sending Yuri Gagarin but United States until now remains the only country which has landed crew on the moon and brought them back safety to Earth. Apollo 11 exemplified one of the greatest scientific feats of all time, televised and watched by an estimated 650M people. This event left an indelible mark on people, motivating, and inspiring millions of people to pursue careers in science. Apollo 11’s social impact is immeasurable; it refreshed space exploration among other nations and achieved the unthinkable — ability to land humans in outer space and successfully bring them back home. The series of space exploration kick starts with the video below.


# Hello Alexander Bell:  Mr. Watson, come here; I want you

Alexander Bell1915 is a landmark year, eternally remembered as the year when humans made the first Trans-continental telephone call from New York to San Francisco (Alexander Bell to Thomas Watson). The photo here chronicles some of the most landmark events in global history. Source: University of Michigan, bicentennial celebration

Alexander Bell, a straightforward man, considered himself a teacher of the deaf. The Scottish born American invented the telephone, i.e., transmit sound through electricity way back in 1876 but went through one of the history’s most extended legal battles for patents. He immigrated with his parents to Canada in 1870 and after a couple of years established the school for the deaf in Boston, Massachusetts. As a Professor of speech and vocal physiology at Boston University, Alexander Bell dreamed of transmitting sound over the wire. The sound waves caused an electric current to vary in intensity which produced a thin metal plate called diaphragm to vibrate. This vibration was magnetically transferred over the wire to another membrane at listeners end for faithful replication of sound. The iconic words “Mr. Watson, come here; I want you”—was transmitted in his laboratory on March 10, 1876. Mr. Watson, not to be confused with Sherlock Home’s sidekick, the iconic detective created by Sir Arthur Canon Doyle, also made history. Alexander Bell, with many inventions and patents, is one of the most prolific and greatest inventors of all time.

“Only the US, USSR (Russia), Europe, Japan, China, India and SpaceIL (private) have carried out successful lunar missions”

US, Russia and China have successfully soft landed on the moon.

Nikola pic source: SMITHSONIAN.COM

Nikola Tesla


# Iconic Nikola Tesla:  Father of inventors, Electric King and humanitarian par excellence

Use of radio signals for communication began with Guglielmo Marconi, an Italian physicist, credited with sending the first transatlantic first radio signal between Cornwall, England, to Newfoundland, Canada, an area over 2000 miles. The message was a simple Morse code s. The story of technological innovation, communication, and personal magnificence is redundant without one man. Nikola Tesla: The father of inventions/inventors and humanitarian par excellence. His greatest deed is not in his stellar designs which include the first alternate current motor, grand design of AC system or electromagnetic waves but as a humanitarian. Born with a photographic memory, with godly looks and puritan streak, Tesla with 300 patents was, by all means, head by a mile of his peers. He is the greatest philanthropist of the modern era, and we will look into it in a separate article. Nikola Tesla is one of the major figures behind the scientific zest and will be perpetually covered here.

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